Friday, 27 October 2017

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN "DO" AND "MAKE" (EXTENSION)

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN "DO" AND "MAKE" (EXTENSION)

It can be hard to decide when to use 'make' or 'do' in English. Here's some help.

1: We use
 'make' when we create or construct something. For example:
         
She made a cake.
I've made us some coffee.
Did you really make those trousers?

2: We use 'do' for general activities. In this case, 'do' is often used with 'something', 'nothing', 'anything' or 'everything':

What did you do at the weekend?
I didn't do anything yesterday.
She's fed up with doing everything herself. She needs some help.
Are you doing anything interesting during the holidays?

NOTE: 'What do you do?' means 'what's your job?'

3: There are many, many fixed expressions with 
'make' and 'do'. Unfortunately, they don't really follow any useful rules, so you have to learn them. Sorry!

Here's a list:

DO:
30 mph (miles per hour)
Many people do more than 30 mph through this town. It's very dangerous.
badly
She did very badly on the exam, so she'll have to retake it.
your best
Don't worry about getting everything correct. Just do your best.
business
It's been a pleasure doing business with you.
chores
I have to go home and do some chores this afternoon.
a course
John has decided to do a course in computing this autumn.
a crossword
She sat on the sofa, doing a crossword and drinking tea.
damage
The storm has done a lot of damage to the house.
the dishes / the washing up
I really hate doing the dishes. I'm hoping to buy a dishwasher this year.
a drawing
The little boy spent hours doing a drawing.
your duty
He has to do his duty and look after his elderly parents.
an exam
I have to do three exams and write a huge essay this term.
exercise
Julie likes doing exercise, especially running.
an exercise
The teacher asked us to do a lot of grammar exercises over the holidays
someone a favour
My friend did me a huge favour and lent me some money.
the gardening
David often spends Sunday afternoons doing gardening.
good
She helps homeless people and tries to do good.
you good
You should eat your vegetables. They'll do you good!
your hair
Allie spends ages doing her hair in the morning.
harm
I spilt coffee on my suit and tried to clean it, but I did more harm than good. It looks even worse now!
homework
Have you finished doing your homework?
housework
Let's do the housework quickly this morning, then we can go out for lunch.
the ironing
My mother listens to the radio while she does the ironing.
a job
I think the students did a great job with this essay. It's excellent.
the laundry / the washing
He did the laundry, cleaned the house, and made dinner.
your nails
Jenny likes to do her nails each week.
a painting
There was an old man sitting on the bank of the river, doing a painting.
paperwork
Does everybody hate doing paperwork?
research
I'm doing some research for my thesis at the moment.
the shopping
I'll do the shopping tomorrow morning. We need milk, bread, pasta and bananas.
time (= be in prison)
He broke into a bank, was caught by the police, and now he's doing time.
well
My sister is doing well in her new job.
work
Unfortunately, Lucy does a lot of work at the weekends.
your worst
I've bought all new winter clothes: boots, a coat and a very warm hat. Weather, do your worst!

MAKE:
amends
I'm so sorry that I upset you. How can I make amends?
an appointment
She had toothache, so she made an appointment with the dentist for the following day.
arrangements
Okay, so we're going to go on holiday in September. Let's make some arrangements. I'll find a hotel, and you can look at flights.
an attempt
I know we might not catch the plane, but let's at least make an attempt to be on time.
believe
The children's favourite game is to make believe that they are kings and queens from long ago.
certain
I think the café opens at six, but let's make certain. I don't want to be standing in the street waiting!
a change
I've made some changes to the document.
a choice
Which job are you going to take? You need to make a choice.
a comment
My mother made a comment about my shoes.
a complaint
The food took so long to arrive that Julie made a complaint to the manager.
a confession
I'd like to make a confession. I was the one who ate the last of the chocolate.
a date
I'd love to see you soon. How about if we make a date for next week?
a decision
I've made my decision. I'm going to go back to university.
a difference
Going to the gym has really made a difference to how I feel.
a discovery
When John was last in London he made a discovery - a beautiful little café in a quiet street.
an effort
You're not trying hard enough! Make an effort!
an error
He made several errors on the report, and the boss told him to rewrite it.
your escape
The bank robbers took £10,000 from the safe and then made their escape.
an exception
Usually the children aren't allowed to watch TV but I made an exception today since the weather was so horrible.
an excuse
Why was Lisa late? Did she make an excuse?
a face
The child took a bite of the broccoli and made a face.
a fire
We put up our tent, made a fire, and had a hot drink.
a fool of yourself
You shouldn't sing in front of everyone! You'll make a fool of yourself.
a fortune
Lucy made a fortune when she sold her company. Now she doesn't have to work.
friends
She loved university and made lots of friends.
fun of
The children love to make fun of the teacher, but only when she's not looking.
a fuss
It's okay! I'm fine, it's just a cough. Don't make a fuss!
an impression
Jenny certainly made an impression last night! All my friends are asking about her.
a joke
The interview was very tense at the beginning, but then John made a joke, and after that it was much more relaxed.
a journey
Because of the snow, try not to make any journeys which are not absolutely essential.
a list
First, I must make a list of all the things I need to do.
a loss
Their business made a loss the first year, but did much better after that.
love
The hero and the heroine made love in the film.
a mess
What a mess you've made! Can't you tidy up a bit?
a mistake
She made so many mistakes in her essay that the teacher couldn't understand it.
money
John made a lot of money in his twenties and was able to retire at the age of 35.
a move
Look how late it is! Let's make a move.
a noise
Please try not to make a noise when you come home, because I'll be asleep.
an observation
Could I make an observation? I don't think some of our customers like the new adverts.
an offer
She made an offer on a house. She's nervous because she'll find out today if it has been accepted, and she really wants to buy that house.
a payment
Hello? I'd like to make a credit card payment, please.
a phone call
I'm going to go outside and make a phone call. It's too noisy in here.
plans
David is making plans to move to Paris.
a point
The professor used lots of examples to make his point.
a prediction
The journalist made a prediction about the economy, but in the end it wasn't correct.
a profit
His business made a profit from the beginning.
progress
Finally, after being stuck in a traffic jam for an hour, we're making some progress! We'll arrive by 8pm.
a promise
I must study hard today. I made a promise to my mum that I wouldn't fail any more exams.
a remark
John was upset because the boss made a negative remark about his work.
a reservation
Could you call the restaurant and make a reservation for tonight?
a scene
Susie made a scene in the café when her order was wrong. She shouted at all the staff and demanded to speak to the manager.
a sound
Don't make a sound! We need to be completely quiet.
a speech
The bride's father often makes a speech at her wedding.
a suggestion
Could I make a suggestion? How about going out for dinner?
sure
I don't think I left the gate open, but I'm just going to go and make sure.
the bed
Could you please make the bed before you leave the house? Otherwise it looks so messy with the duvet and the pillows everywhere.
time (=find time to do something)
Everybody's busy, but you need to make time to study. Otherwise you won't be able to get a better job.
trouble
That employee is trying to make trouble. He is always telling the boss bad things about his colleagues.
a visit
I'll call you this afternoon. I need to make a visit to my granny this morning.
your mind up
Do you want chocolate or strawberry ice cream? Make your mind up quickly!
your way
After the film, John made his way to a café, where he had two cups of coffee and some cake.


Wednesday, 25 October 2017

THE EXPRESSION OF FUTURE IN ENGLISH (PART I)

CREATED BY VALANGLIA

Monday, 23 October 2017

DIFFERENT USES OF AUXILIARY OR HELPING VERBS: TO BE, TO DO, TO HAVE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO AUXILIARY VERBS (ALSO KNOWN AS "HELPING VERBS"):


SOURCE: www.youtube.com/englishgrammarspot

OTHER USES OF HELPING VERBS AS PRIMARY AUXILIARIES (TAKING VERB TO DO AS AN EXAMPLE):


Read the following conversation and pay attention to the auxiliary verb “did“:

John: (1)Did you watch last night’s game?
Adam: Yeah! I (2)did. I bet you liked Rooney’s goal, (3)didn’t you?
John: Oh, yes! It was great! But I actually preferred Van Persie’s goal.
Adam:(4)Did you? But overall he (5)didn’t play well, (6)did he?
John: No, not really. But he (7)did score a great goal, right?
Adam:Yeah, I guess so. But so (8)did Rooney, in my opinion.

Now, let’s see the uses of “did” in each case (1 – 8):

(1) Question form: to ask questions: Did you do…?
(2) Short answer: to avoid repeating the main verb: Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.
(3) Question tag: asking for clarification or approval, at the end of a statement: didn’t you?
(4) Echo questions: expressing certain surprise at something said by someone else: did you?
(5) Negative form: to negate a verb: didn’t play well.
(6) Question tag: same as (3), but in positive form: did he?
(7) Emphasising auxiliary: to emphasise that something happened or was so: he did score a great goal.
(8) Agreement or similarity: to express agreement or similarity with a previous statement or idea: so did Rooney.

So these 7/8 points summarise the main uses of auxiliary verbs. These very same uses apply to other auxiliaries such as have, am/is/are, was/were, modal verbs, etc.


Saturday, 21 October 2017

AMERICAN VS. BRITISH VOCABULARY

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

BECAUSE HALLOWEEN IS COMING... TWO HALLOWEEN GAMES


englishflashgames.blogspot.com

HALLOWEEN QUIZ: WHO WANTS TO BE A SPOOKY MILLIONAIRE?

Monday, 9 October 2017

DESCRIBING PEOPLE'S PERSONALITY (WITH AMIGOS INGLESES)

DESCRIBING PEOPLE'S APPEARANCE

Sunday, 1 October 2017

A QUICK REMINDER ON MITIGATORS AND INTENSIFIERS (USED TO MODIFY ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS)

AUTUMN IS ALREADY HERE SO... VERBS AND WORDS RELATED TO RAIN AND COLD WEATHER